Study: Early Neutering Poses Health Risks for German Shepherds

The study from UC Davis researchers found that neutering or spaying before one year old, triples the risk of one or more joint disorders in these dogs.

Abstract
German Shepherd Dogs are important in police and military work, and are a popular family pet. The debilitating joint disorders of hip dysplasia, cranial cruciate ligament tear (CCL) and elbow dysplasia can shorten a dog’s useful working life and impact its role as a family member. For this study, veterinary hospital records were examined over a 14.5-year period on 1170 intact and neutered (including spaying) German Shepherd Dogs for joint disorders and cancers previously associated with neutering. The diseases were followed through 8 years of age, with the exception of mammary cancer (MC) in females that was followed through 11 years. The cancers followed, apart from mammary, were osteosarcoma, lymphoma, hemangiosarcoma and mast cell tumour.

Continue reading Study: Early Neutering Poses Health Risks for German Shepherds

FDA Approves Galliprant, a New Animal Drug for Osteoarthritis in Dogs

FDA Approves Galliprant, a New Animal Drug for Osteoarthritis in Dogs

March 21, 2016
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today announced the approval of Galliprant (grapiprant tablets), a new animal drug intended to control pain and inflammation associated with osteoarthritis in dogs.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a condition where cartilage – the protective material that cushions a joint – . . . → Read More: FDA Approves Galliprant, a New Animal Drug for Osteoarthritis in Dogs

Canine influenza continuing

Canine influenza in South Dakota: link 
Warning to dog owners: the canine influenza virus continues to spread to various states. Dogs should not frequent dog parks, group gatherings, doggie daycare as much as possible.

The influenza virus incubation is 7-10 days and dogs may not show symptoms but can transmit the virus to . . . → Read More: Canine influenza continuing

Canine Influenza Virus

Pet Owners Urged to Remain on Heightened Alert due to Canine Influenza Virus

Chicago, IL – The Chicago Veterinary Medical Association strongly recommends dog owners to remain on heightened alert and take precautionary measures to prevent their dogs from exposure to the Canine Infectious Respiratory Disease Complex (CIRDC).

Dr. Donna Alexander, Director of the Cook County Department of Animal and Rabies Control, indicates severe canine respiratory cases are not diminishing at this time throughout the Chicago metropolitan area, that to date more than 1,700 have been reported to her. In April 2015, two more deaths from CIRDC were reported bringing the number to eight known fatalities.

Due to the extremely contagious nature of the canine influenza virus, all dogs are at serious risk of infection when exposed to this virus. Even dogs exhibiting no signs of illness can be contagious, asymptomatic carriers to other dogs.

According to Chicago Veterinary Medical Association President Dr. Anthony Coronado,

“The crisis is not over; however, the protocols enacted during the outbreak have helped to slow the development of new cases. It is imperative to continue to embrace these same measures to prevent a relapse. It is important to remember that Canine Influenza Virus is a new disease in the canine world, and much like the human influenza, there are multiple strains. This is illustrated by the fact that the recent outbreak has been attributed to the H3N2 strain and not the H3N8 strain in the current vaccine. While new vaccines are forthcoming, all unexposed dogs are at risk. Those that did not contract the disease during the initial outbreak are still very susceptible. If we relax the protocols now, before the crisis is fully past, we risk a similar rise in cases that we experienced during the beginning of the outbreak. It is the current recommendation of the Chicago Veterinary Medical Association to continue to exercise protective measure to prevent exposure and spread of the disease.” Continue reading Canine Influenza Virus

Midwest Canine Influenza outbreak caused by new strain of virus

Cornell University Press Release

http://mediarelations.cornell.edu/2015/04/12/midwest-canine-influenza-outbreak-caused-by-new-strain-of-virus/

APRIL 12, 2015 BY JOE SCHWARTZ
ITHACA, N.Y. – The canine influenza outbreak afflicting more than 1,000 dogs in Chicago and other parts of the Midwest is caused by a different strain of the virus than was earlier assumed, according to laboratory scientists at Cornell University and the University of Wisconsin. Researchers at Cornell say results from additional testing indicate that the outbreak is being caused by a virus closely related to Asian strains of influenza A H3N2 viruses, currently in wide circulation in southern Chinese and South Korean dog populations since being identified in 2006. There is no evidence that it can be transmitted to humans.
The outbreak in the Midwest had been attributed to the H3N8 strain of virus, which was identified in the U.S. dog population in 2004 and has been circulating since. The H3N2 virus had not been previously detected in North America. The outbreak in Chicago suggests a recent introduction of the H3N2 virus from Asia.
Testing of clinical samples from the outbreak conducted at The New York State Animal Diagnostic Laboratory at Cornell indicated that the virus was Influenza A. Further testing led researchers to believe a new strain was at fault. Subsequent testing, carried out with the assistance of the Wisconsin Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, identified the new subtype as H3N2. The National Veterinary Services Laboratories in Ames, IA is sequencing two isolates from this outbreak, which were isolated at Cornell, to facilitate rapid complete characterization of the viruses.
Both Influenza strains can cause high fever, loss of appetite, coughing, nasal discharge, and lethargy. Symptoms may be more severe in cases caused by the H3N2 virus. Some infected dogs may not show symptoms at all. Continue reading Midwest Canine Influenza outbreak caused by new strain of virus

How hot is a parked car?

Check out this vet’s measurement of a car with windows cracked open 2 inches in the shade.  Why heatstroke is a . . . → Read More: How hot is a parked car?

FDA Provides Latest Information on Jerky Pet Treat Investigation

FDA Provides Latest Information on Jerky Pet Treat Investigation

May 16, 2014
Media Inquiries: Siobhan DeLancey, 202-510-4177, siobhan.delancey@fda.hhs.gov
Trade Media Inquiries: Megan Bensette, 240-506-6818, megan.bensette@fda.hhs.gov
Consumer and Industry Inquiries: AskCVM@fda.hhs.gov

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is providing an update on its ongoing investigation into pet illnesses and deaths in animals that ate jerky pet treats. This update includes the latest information about complaints of illnesses, FDA’s collaboration with the CDC on a new case control study, and new findings revealed through the agency’s testing. Unfortunately, FDA has still not been able to identify a specific cause for the reported illnesses or deaths.

Case numbers: Since FDA’s last update on October 22, 2013, we have received approximately 1,800 additional case reports. As of May 1, 2014, we have received in total more than 4,800 complaints of illness in pets that ate chicken, duck, or sweet potato jerky treats, nearly all of which are imported from China. The reports involve more than 5,600 dogs, 24 cats, three people, and include more than 1,000 canine deaths. The breakdown of symptoms associated with the cases is similar to that of earlier reports: approximately 60 percent of the cases report gastrointestinal/liver disease, 30 percent kidney or urinary disease, with the remaining 10 percent of complaints including various other signs such as neurologic, dermatologic, and immunologic symptoms. About 15 percent of the kidney or urinary cases also tested positive for Fanconi syndrome, a rare kidney disease that has been associated with this investigation.
Response to Dear Veterinarian Letter: Following an October 2013 request for veterinarians to share case information, the agency received many well-documented case reports that have and continue to provide us with valuable information that is assisting in our ongoing investigation. Out of this effort, FDA has had the opportunity to perform necropsies (post-mortem examinations) on 26 dogs, 13 of which appeared to have causes of death not related to consumption of jerky pet treats. Of the remaining 13 cases, an association with consumption of jerky pet treats could not be ruled out. Eleven of these dogs had indications of kidney disease and two involved gastrointestinal disease. Continue reading FDA Provides Latest Information on Jerky Pet Treat Investigation