Normal vital signs

Normal Canine Vital Signs

Temperature*
Heart Rate
Respiration Rate

99.5 – 102.5 deg. F [37.5 - 39.2 deg. C]
Small breeds tend to have higher normal temperatures than large breeds.
Adult/Lg.Breed: 80- 120 beats per minute
Puppies: 120 – 140 beats per minute
15 – 30 breaths per minute

*Note: Temperatures will normally fluctuate over the course of the day. The following may . . . → Read More: Normal vital signs

Normal Lab Values: dog and cat

Normal lab values for CBC and CMP (complete metabolic panel) for dogs and cats. Presented in table form.

component
canine
feline
units

glucose
65-120
70-120
mg/dl

BUN
6-24
17-30
mg/dl

creatinine
0.4-1.4
o.6-1.6
mg/dl

tot protein
5.2-7.2
5.3-7.2
g/dl

albumin
2.5-4.3
2.6-3.9
g/dl

calcium
9.5-12
9.4-11.2
mg/dl

phosphorus
3.3-6.8
4.0-7.0
mg/dl

alk.phos.
20-200
20-220
u/l

ggt
1.2
0-10
u/l

ast
10-40
8-35
u/d

ldh
30-190
35-280
u/l

cholesterol
110-314
90-150
mg/dl

total bili
.04-.40
.08-.30
mg/dl

alt
10-70
10-130
u/l

amylase
200-1290
n/a
u/l

cpk
20-200
20-160
u/l

co2
17-24
17-24
mEq/l

triglycerides
20-200
20-100
mg/dl

direct bili
0-0.3
0-0.3
mg/dl

uric acid
0-2.0
0-1.0
mg/dl

sodium
140-151
143-153
mEq/l

potassium
3.4-5.4
3.5-5.2
mEq/l

chloride
105-120
108-128
mEq/l

lipase
120-258
120-258
u/l

globulins
0.9-4.0
1.5-4.0
g/dl

A/G
0.53-3.5
0.56-2.6

AGAP
5-30
5-30

Hgb
120-180
80-150
g/l

hct
0.37-0.55
0.24-0.45
l/l

rbc
5.5-8.5
5-10
x 10 6 /ul

mcv
60-77
39-55
fl

mch
19.5-24.5
13-17
pg

mchc
32-36
30-36
g/dl

retic
0-1.5%
0-1%
%

wbc
6-17.1
5.5-19.5
x 1000 ul

segs
3.6-11.5
2.5-12.5
x 1000/ul

bands
0-0.3
0-0.3
x1000/

eos
0.01-1.25
0.0-1.5
x 1000/ul

lympho
1.0-4.8
1.5-7.0
x1000ul

monos
0.15-1.35
0.0-0.85
x1000 . . . → Read More: Normal Lab Values: dog and cat

Lab Results : what they mean

What the results of a CBC, Chemistry Profile (CMP), and a Urinalysis mean…

A wide variety of tests are used to certify good health or indicate the presence of infection or disease. The major tests and some of the common vocabulary in lab reports are explained below.

A Complete Blood Count indicates . . . → Read More: Lab Results : what they mean

Doxycycline suspected side effects

Suspected side effects of doxycycline use in dogs – a retrospective study of 386 cases

1. B. S. Schulz, DrMedVet, DiplECVIM-CA1,   2. S. Hupfauer, DrMedVet1,   3. H. Ammer, DrMedVet, DrMedVetHabil2,   4. C. Sauter-Louis, DrMedVet, PhD3 and   5. K. Hartmann, DrMedVet, DrMedVetHabil, DiplECVIM-CA1

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This study investigated doxycycline-related side effects in a large population of dogs. Data from 386 dogs that had received doxycycline for the treatment of various infectious diseases were analysed retrospectively. Potential side effects that developed during treatment were documented, and correlations with signalment, dose, duration of treatment, frequency of application, doxycycline preparation and use of additional drugs were investigated. Continue reading Doxycycline suspected side effects