IBD has been defined clinically as a spectrum of gastrointestinal disorders associated with chronic i
nflammation of the stomach, intestine and/or colon of unknown pathogenesis and etiology.
Canine I.B.D. Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, and Therapy
Etiology – Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been defined on the basis of clinical, histologic, immunologic, pathophysiologic, and genetic criteria.
Clinical Definition of IBD
IBD has been defined clinically as a spectrum of gastrointestinal disorders associated with chronic inflammation of the stomach, intestine and/or colon of unknown pathogenesis and etiology. A clinical diagnosis of IBD is considered only if affected animals have persistent (>3 weeks in duration) gastrointestinal signs (anorexia, vomiting, weight loss, diarrhea, hematochezia, mucousy feces), failure to respond to dietary (novel protein, hydrolyzed-, anti-oxidant-, or highly digestible diets) or symptomatic therapies (parasiticides, antibiotics, gastrointestinal protectants) alone, failure to document other causes of gastroenterocolitis by thorough diagnostic evaluation, and histologic diagnosis of benign intestinal inflammation (Jergens et al., 2003). Small bowel and large bowel forms of IBD have been reported in both dogs and cats, although large bowel IBD appears to be more prevalent in the dog. Continue reading Inflammatory bowel disease
Incidence and Breed Related Risk Factors for Gastric Dilation-Volvulus in Dogs
5-year prospective study by Larry Glickman, VMD, Ph.D., Purdue University
Participating breed clubs Akita, Bloodhound, Collie, Great Dane, Irish Setter, Irish Wolfhound, Newfoundland, Rottweiler, Saint Bernard, Standard Poodle, Weimaraner and the AKC/CHF.
Investigator measured dogs at dog shows and the owners completed a detailed questionnaire concerning the dogs medical history, genetic background, husbandry and eating practices, personality and diet.
Five years later, the investigator called and conducted a follow-up on each the dog.
The incidence of bloat (GDV) was calculated for each breed.
Risk factors were compared to dog measurements and questionnaire responses to determine any correlation.Â Â Results: Continue reading Breed related risks for bloat
Finding on use of gastropexy for dog owners:
In a study of 1,920 dogs at risk the following recommendations can be made regarding prophylaxis for bloat:
1 . . . → Read More: Gastropexy
GDV (Bloat) and diet
Summary: Dogs at risk for bloat (deep chested dogs) should not be fed on raised food bowls, or a food that has FAT as one of the 1st four ingredients, or fed foods with citric acid that are moistened. They should be fed food that has a rendered meat with bone in the first four ingredients. We recommend that you evaluate the food choices by reviewing several sources such as ; Your dog’s nutritional needs.,
WDJ dog food recommendations.
Dietary Risk Factors for Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (Bloat) in 11 Large and Giant Dog Breeds: A Nested Case-Control Study
ABSTRACT *Malathi Raghavan, DVM, MS; Lawrence T. Glickman, VMD, DrPH; Nita W. Glickman, MS, MPH; Diana B. Schellenberg, MS.
Dietary risk factors for gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) in dogs were identified using a nested case-control study. Of 1,991 dogs from 11 large- and giant-breeds in a previous prospective study of GDV, 106 dogs that developed GDV were selected as cases while 212 remaining dogs were randomly selected as controls. A complete profile of nutrient intake was constructed for each dog based on owner-reported information, published references and nutrient databases. Potential risk factors were examined for a significant (p<0.05) relationship with GDV risk using unconditional logistic regression. Continue reading Diet related risks for bloat