“The use of canines, Canis lupus var. familiaris, in law enforcement is widely accepted; however, there are few peer-reviewed studies confirming their accuracy and reliability. The use of detector dogs for human-scent lineups has been used in Europe, including Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Poland, and Russia, but has not gained widespread acceptance in the United States, mainly due to the lack of definitive studies demonstrating the reliability of this approach. Published results pertaining to the accuracy of canines used in human-scent lineups will be discussed later in the text.”
Link to article in Forensic Science Communications April 2005 Volume 7 Number 2
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